For most women, experiencing pain or discomfort in the pelvic region can be alarming.
However, many gynecological disorders can be effectively diagnosed, treated, and even cured with proper medical intervention.
Here’s what you need to know about gynecological disorders, including vulvodynia, vaginitis and sexually transmitted diseases, and pelvic floor disorders.
What Is Vulvodynia?
Vulvodynia refers to burning, pain, stinging, or irritation to the vulva area.
The vulva includes the external portion of female genitalia, while the vagina is the internal portion.
What Is Vaginitis?
Swelling and infection of the vulva and vagina is classified as vaginitis. There are several types of vaginitis including yeast infections, bacterial vaginosis, and sexually transmitted diseases.
Thick, white discharge is symptomatic of a yeast infection which is caused by an overgrowth of Candida fungus. It can be treated and cured with OTC and prescription medications.
Bacterial vaginosis is usually identified when a patient presents with an odorous and thin, milky discharge. It can also be resolved by a prescription medication.
Types of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)
Sexually transmitted diseases are another a type of vaginitis and include trichomoniasis, chlamydia, herpes simplex virus (HSV), and human papillomavirus (HPV).
Trichomoniasis is characterized by a bubbly, greenish-yellow discharge, odor, itching, and burning on urination. Fortunately, it can be cured with a course of antibiotics.
Chlamydia is also a bacterial infection that can be cured with antibiotics. Patients may complain of discharge with mucous or pus and pain on urination.
However, chlamydia may also be asymptomatic, so it’s important for patients that may be at risk for this gynecological disorder to get tested. If left untreated, chlamydia could lead to pelvic inflammatory disease (PID).
HSV or genital herpes cannot be cured, but can be managed with medication. Signs of herpes include sores or lesions on the vulva.
Patients infected with HPV may or may not show any symptoms, and this gynecological disorder is often detected by a pap smear.
HPV can also manifest as warts on the vagina, vulva, rectum, and groin. Some strains of HPV can also cause cervical cancer, and your provider can discuss vaccine options.
What Are Pelvic Floor Disorders?
A pelvic floor disorder is caused by a problem within in the muscles or tissues that support the pelvic organs (bladder, uterus, and rectum). As a result, patients may experience pelvic organ prolapse or urinary incontinence.
This type of gynecological disorder is often seen in women that have had at least one vaginal delivery.
To learn more about gynecological disorders and treatment options, please call Tyson’s Gynecology today for an appointment.